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8 Judaica Geschiedenis en Cultuur ME

   
al-Basir, Y.
Das Buch der Unterscheidung, Judaeo-arabisch – Deutsch
Herders Bibliothek der Philosophie des Mittelalters, Bnd 5, Herder, 2005, geb, 384 pp, € 38.90, 3451286882
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Alfonso, E.
Islamic Culture Through Jewish Eyes. Al-Andalus from the Tenth to Twelfth Century
Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Literatures Series, Routledge, 2007, geb, 201 pp, € 110.00, 9780415437325
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Altmann, A. & Stern, S.M
Isaac Israeli : A Neoplatonic Philosopher of the Early Tenth Century
Chicago UP, 2009, pap, 226 pp, € 21.95, 9780226016139
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Bakan, D., D. Merkur , D.S. Weiss
Maimonides` Cure of Souls. Medieval Precursor of Psychoanalysis
B2574
SUNY, 2009 / 2010, pap, 183 pp, € 24.00, 9781438427461
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Baumgarten, E.
Mothers and Children. Jewish Family Life in Medieval Europe
This book presents a synthetic history of the family - the most basic building block of medieval Jewish communities - in Germany and northern France during the High Middle Ages. Concentrating on the special roles of mothers and children, it also advances recent efforts to write a comparative Jewish-Christian social history.

Elisheva Baumgarten draws on a rich trove of primary sources to give a full portrait of medieval Jewish family life during the period of childhood from birth to the beginning of formal education at age seven. Illustrating the importance of understanding Jewish practice in the context of Christian society and recognizing the shared foundations in both societies, Baumgarten's examination of Jewish and Christian practices and attitudes is explicitly comparative. Her analysis is also wide ranging, covering nearly every aspect of home life and child rearing, including pregnancy, midwifery, birth and initiation rituals, nursing, sterility, infanticide, remarriage, attitudes toward mothers and fathers, gender hierarchies, divorce, widowhood, early education, and the place of children in the home, synagogue, and community.

A richly detailed and deeply researched contribution to our understanding of the relationship between Jews and their non-Jewish neighbours, Mothers and Children provides a key analysis of the history of Jewish families in medieval Ashkenaz.

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Jews, Christians and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2004 / 2007, pap, 290 pp, € 29.00, 9780691130293
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Baumgarten, E.
Mothers and Children. Jewish Family Life in Medieval Europe
Van 41.95 voor 34.50

This book presents a synthetic history of the family - the most basic building block of medieval Jewish communities - in Germany and northern France during the High Middle Ages. Concentrating on the special roles of mothers and children, it also advances recent efforts to write a comparative Jewish-Christian social history.

Elisheva Baumgarten draws on a rich trove of primary sources to give a full portrait of medieval Jewish family life during the period of childhood from birth to the beginning of formal education at age seven. Illustrating the importance of understanding Jewish practice in the context of Christian society and recognizing the shared foundations in both societies, Baumgarten's examination of Jewish and Christian practices and attitudes is explicitly comparative. Her analysis is also wide ranging, covering nearly every aspect of home life and child rearing, including pregnancy, midwifery, birth and initiation rituals, nursing, sterility, infanticide, remarriage, attitudes toward mothers and fathers, gender hierarchies, divorce, widowhood, early education, and the place of children in the home, synagogue, and community.

A richly detailed and deeply researched contribution to our understanding of the relationship between Jews and their non-Jewish neighbours, Mothers and Children provides a key analysis of the history of Jewish families in medieval Ashkenaz.

Click here for the complete series.

Jews, Christians and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2004, geb, 275 pp, € 34.50, 9780691091662
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Bekkum,W.
The Secular Poetry of El Azar Ben Ya akqov Ha-Bavli: Bagdad, Thirteenth C. on the Basis of Manuscript Firkovicz Heb. II A, 210.1
By Order
Brill, 2007, geb, 258 pp, € 95.40, 9789004147188
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Ben-Yoseph, M. & D.N. Rosen (eds)
Where We Find Ourselves. Jewish Women Around the World Write about Home
SUNY, 2009, pap, 270 pp, € 17.50, 9781438425221
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Bohak, G.
Ancient Jewish Magic. A History
Gideon Bohak gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible. The main focus is on the cultural make-up of ancient Jewish magic, and special attention is paid to the processes of cross-cultural contacts and borrowings between Jews and non-Jews, as well as to inner-Jewish creativity. Other major issues explored include the place of magic within Jewish society, contemporary Jewish attitudes to magic, and the identity of its practitioners. Throughout, the book seeks to explain the methodological underpinnings of all sound research in this demanding field, and to highlight areas where further research is likely to prove fruitful.
Cambridge UP, 2008 / 2011, pap, 496 pp, € 36.00, 9780521180986
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Bonfil, R.
History and Folklore in a Medieval Jewish Chronicle. The Family Chronicle of Ahimaaz ben Paltiel.
By Order
Studie in Jewish History and Culture, Brill, 2010, geb, 388 pp, € 165.90, 9789004173859
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Borras, J.T. & A. Saenz-Badillos (eds)
Jewish Studies at the Turn of the 20th Century. Volume I Biblical, Rabbinical and Medieval Studies
BY ORDER
Brill, 1999, geb, 635 pp, € 81.00, 9004115544
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Brasz, C., Y. Kaplan (eds)
Dutch Jews as Perceived by Themselves and by Others: Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on the History of the Jews in the Netherlands
Brills Series in Jewish Studies v. 38, Brill, 2000, pap, 472 pp, € 62.25, 9789004120389
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Brody, Robert
The Geonim of Babylonia and the Shaping of Medieval Jewish Culture
The Geonic period from about the late sixth to mid-eleventh centuries is of crucial importance in the history of Judaism. The Geonim, for whom this era is named, were the heads of the ancient talmudic academies of Babylonia. They gained ascendancy over the older Palestinian centre of Judaism and were recognized as the leading religious and spiritual authorities by most of the world's Jewish population. The Geonim and their circles enshrined the Babylonian Talmud as the central canonical work of rabbinic literature and the leading guide to religious practice, and it was a predominantly Babylonian version of Judaism that was transplanted to newer centres of Judaism in North Africa and Europe. Robert Brody's book - the first survey in English of the Geonic period in almost a century - focuses on the cultural milieu of the Geonim and on their intellectual and literary creativity. Brody describes the cultural spheres in which the Geonim were active and the historical and cultural settings within which they functioned. He emphasizes the challenges presented by other Jewish institutions and individuals, ranging from those within the Babylonian Jewish setting - especially the political leadership represented by the Exilarch - to the competing Palestinian Jewish centre and to sectarian movements and freethinkers who rejected rabbinic authority altogether. He also describes the variety of ways in which the development of Geonic tradition was affected by the surrounding non-Jewish cultures, both Muslim and Christian. Winner of the Annual National Jewish Book Awards in the Sephardic Studies category.
Yale University Press, 2013, pap, 408 pp, € 34.95, 9780300189322
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Brook, K. A.
The Jews of Khazaria. Second Edition
B2365
Rowman & Littlefield, 2006/2010, pap, 317 pp, € 19.90, 9780742549821
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Chazan, R.
Reassessing Jewish Life in Medieval Europe
This book re-evaluates the prevailing notion that Jews in medieval Christian Europe lived under an appalling regime of ecclesiastical limitation, governmental exploitation and expropriation, and unceasing popular violence. Robert Chazan argues that, while Jewish life in medieval Western Christendom was indeed beset with grave difficulties, it was nevertheless an environment rich in opportunities; the Jews of medieval Europe overcame obstacles, grew in number, explored innovative economic options, and fashioned enduring new forms of Jewish living. His research also provides a reconsideration of the legacy of medieval Jewish life, which is often depicted as equally destructive and projected as the underpinning of the twentieth-century catastrophes of antisemitism and the Holocaust. Dr Chazan's research proves that, although Jewish life in the medieval West laid the foundation for much Jewish suffering in the post-medieval world, it also stimulated considerable Jewish ingenuity, which lies at the root of impressive Jewish successes in the modern West.
Cambridge UP, 2011, pap, 270 pp, € 27.95, 9780521145435
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Cluse, C. (Hrsg.)
Europas Juden im Mittelalter. Beitraege des internationalen Symposiums in Speyer vom 20. bis 25. Oktober 2002
mit 35 Beitraege
Kliomedia, 2004, geb, 512 pp, € 64.00, 3898900819
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Cohen, M. R.
Under Crescent and Cross. The Jews in the Middle Ages
Princeton UP, 2008, pap, 296 pp, € 22.75, 9780691139319
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Cohen, M.R.
Poverty and Charity in the Jewish Community of Medieval Egypt
What was it like to be poor in the Middle Ages? In the past, the answer to this question came only from institutions and individuals who gave relief to the less fortunate. This book, by one of the top scholars in the field, is the first comprehensive book to study poverty in a premodern Jewish community - from the viewpoint of both the poor and those who provided for them.

Mark Cohen mines the richest body of documents available on the matter: the papers of the Cairo Geniza.These documents, located in the Geniza, a hidden chamber for discarded papers situated in a medieval synagogue in Old Cairo, were preserved largely unharmed for more than nine centuries due to an ancient custom in Judaism that prohibited the destruction of pages of sacred writing. Based on these papers, the book provides abundant testimony about how one large and important medieval Jewish community dealt with the constant presence of poverty in its midst.

Building on S.D. Goitein's Mediterranean Society and inspired also by research on poverty and charity in medieval and early modern Europe, it provides a clear window onto the daily lives of the poor. It also illuminates private charity, a subject that has long been elusive to the medieval historian. In addition, Cohen's work functions as a detailed case study of an important phenomenon in human history. Cohen concludes that the relatively narrow gap between the poor and rich, and the precariousness of wealth in general, combined to make charity 'one of the major agglutinates of Jewish associational life' during the medieval period.

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Jews, Christians and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2005, geb, 288 pp, € 51.50, 9780691092720
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Cohen, M.R.
The Voice of the Poor in the Middle Ages. An Anthology of Documents from the Cairo Geniza
Princeton UP, 2005, pap, 226 pp, € 27.95, 0691092710 / 9780691092713
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Davidson, H.A.
Maimonides the Rationalist
by order
Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, Littman, 2011, geb, 318 pp, € 46.00, 9781904113584
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Decter, J.P.
Iberian Jewish Literature: Between al-Andalus and Christian Europe
Indiana UP, 2007, geb, 302 pp, € 32.50, 9780253349132
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Dobbs-Weinstein, I. Goodman, L.E. and Grady, J. A. (eds)
Maimonides and His Heritage.
SUNY Press, 2009, geb, 265 pp, € 57.50, 9780791476550
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Dobbs-Weinstein, I. Goodman, L.E. and Grady, J. A. (eds)
Maimonides and His Heritage.
Suny, 2010, pap, 241 pp, € 24.95, 9780791476567
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Duran, Shimon, (transl.: Philip Caplan)
Zohar Harakia: Rabbi Shimon Ben Zemach Duran
Rabbi Shimon ben Zemach Duran (1361-1444) was a colourful rabbinic authority in Algiers. In his book, Zohar Harakia, on methods of enumerating the 613 commandments, he summarises the work of previous authorities on this subject, especially Maimonides and Nachmanides. He also presents his own system of enumeration. The text, first printed in 1515, is written clearly and arranged as a commentary on ibn Gabirol's poetic version of the 613 commandments.
Judaism and Jewish Life, Academic Studies Press, 2012, geb, 465 pp, € 76.00, 9781936235575
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Einbinder, S.L.
Beautiful Death. Jewish Poetry and Martyrdom in Medieval France.
When Crusader armies on their way to the Holy Land attacked Jewish communities in the Rhine Valley, many Jews chose suicide over death at the hands of Christian mobs. With their defiant deaths, the medieval Jewish martyr was born. With the literary commemoration of the victims, Jewish martyrology followed.

Beautiful Death examines the evolution of a long-neglected corpus of Hebrew poetry, the laments reflecting the specific conditions of Jewish life in northern France. The poems offer insight into everyday life and into the ways medieval French Jews responded to persecution. They also suggest that poetry was used to encourage resistance to intensifying pressures to convert. The educated Jewish elite in northern France was highly acculturated. Their poetry - particularly that emerging from the innovative Tosafist schools - reflects their engagement with the vernacular renaissance unfolding around them, as well as conscious and unconscious absorption of Christian popular beliefs and hagiographical conventions.

At the same time, their extraordinary poems signal an increasingly harsh repudiation of Christianity's sacred symbols and beliefs. They reveal a complex relationship to Christian culture as Jews internalized elements of medieval culture even while expressing a powerful revulsion against the forms and beliefs of Christian life.

This gracefully written study crosses traditional boundaries of history and literature and of Jewish and general medieval scholarship. Focusing on specific incidents of persecution and the literary commemorations they produced, it offers unique insights into the historical conditions in which these poems were written and performed.

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Jews, Christians and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2002, geb, 219 pp, € 57.75, 9780691090535
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Einbinder, S.L.
No Place of Rest, Jewish Literature, Expulsion and the Memory of Medieval France
Pennsylvania UP, 2009, geb, 267 pp, € 47.50, 9780812241150
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Epstein, M.M.
The Medieval Haggadah : Art, Narrative, and Religious Imagination
Yale UP, 2011, geb, 324 pp, € 57.90, 9780300156669
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Fishbane, E.P.
As Light Before Dawn. The Inner World of a Medieval Kabbalist
Stanford Studies in Jewish History and Culture, Standford UP, 2009, geb, 317pp, € 51.50, 9780804759137
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Frakes, Jerold C. (ed)
Early Yiddish Texts 1100-1750 With Introduction and Commentary
This volume is the first comprehensive anthology of early Yiddish literature (from its beginnings in the twelfth century to the dawn of modern Yiddish in the mid-eighteenth century) for more than one hundred years. It includes the broad range of genres that define the corpus: Arthurian romance, heroic epic, satire, lyric, drama, biblical/midrashic epic, devotional literature, biblical translations, glosses, medicine, magic, legal texts, oaths, letters, legends, autobiography, travelogue, fables, riddles, and adventure tales. One hundred and thirty texts in the original Hebrew alphabet, edited anew from the earliest extant sources, are provided with introductory headnotes that include detailed information concerning sources, author (if known), the research literature, and the place of the text in the literary tradition.
Oxford UP, 2004, geb, 889 pp, € 318.00, 9780199266142
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Frakes, Jerold C. (ed)
Early Yiddish Texts 1100-1750: With Introduction and Commentary
This volume is the first comprehensive anthology of early Yiddish literature (from its beginnings in the twelfth century to the dawn of modern Yiddish in the mid-eighteenth century) for more than one hundred years. It includes the broad range of genres that define the corpus: Arthurian romance, heroic epic, satire, lyric, drama, biblical/midrashic epic, devotional literature, biblical translations, glosses, medicine, magic, legal texts, oaths, letters, legends, autobiography, travelogue, fables, riddles, and adventure tales. One hundred and thirty texts in the original Hebrew alphabet, edited anew from the earliest extant sources, are provided with introductory headnotes that include detailed information concerning sources, author (if known), the research literature, and the place of the text in the literary tradition.
Oxford UP, 2004/ 2008, pap, 889 pp, € 49.95, 9780199287932
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Frank, D.H. & O. Leaman (eds)
The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy
From the ninth to the fifteenth centuries Jewish thinkers living in Islamic and Christian lands philosophized about Judaism. Influenced first by Islamic theological speculation and the great philosophers of classical antiquity, and then in the late medieval period by Christian Scholasticism, Jewish philosophers and scientists reflected on the nature of language about God, the scope and limits of human understanding, the eternity or createdness of the world, prophecy and divine providence, the possibility of human freedom, and the relationship between divine and human law. Though many viewed philosophy as a dangerous threat, others incorporated it into their understanding of what it is to be a Jew. This Companion presents all the major Jewish thinkers of the period, the philosophical and non-philosophical contexts of their thought, and the interactions between Jewish and non-Jewish philosophers. It is a comprehensive introduction to a vital period of Jewish intellectual history.
Cambridge Companions to Philosophy, Cambridge, 2003, pap, 483pp, € 37.50, 9780521655743
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Franklin, Arnold E.
This Noble House: Jewish Descendants of King David in the Medieval Islamic East
This Noble House explores the preoccupation with biblical genealogy that emerged among Jews in the Islamic Near East between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. Arnold Franklin looks to Jewish society's fascination with Davidic ancestry, examining the profusion of claims to the lineage that had already begun to appear by the year 1000, the attempts to chart the validity of such claims through elaborate genealogical lists, and the range of meanings that came to be ascribed to the House of David in this period.

Jews and Muslims shared the perception that the Davidic line and the noble family of the Prophet Muhammad were counterparts to one another, but captivation with Davidic lineage was just one facet of a much broader Jewish concern with biblical ancestry. Based on documentary material from the Cairo Geniza, the book argues that this "genealogical turn" should be understood as a consequence of Jewish society's dynamic encounter with its Arab-Islamic milieu and constituted a selective adaptation to the importance of ancestry in the dominant cultural environment.

On the one hand, the increased focus on ancestry is an instance of medieval Jews reflexively and unselfconsciously making use of the cultural forms of their Muslim neighbors; on the other, it is an expression of cultural competitiveness or even resistance, an implicit response to the claim of Arab genealogical superiority that uses the very methods of the Arab "science of genealogy."

To be sure, Franklin notes, Jews were only one of several non-Arab minority groups to take up genealogy in this way. At the broadest level, then, This Noble House illuminates a strategy that various minority populations utilized as they sought legitimacy within the medieval Arab-Islamic world.

Jewish Culture & Contexts, Pennsylvania UP, 2012, geb, 311 pp, € 58.50, 9780812244090
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Freidenreich, David M., Miriam Goldstein (eds)
Beyond Religious Borders: Interaction and Intellectual Exchange in the Medieval Islamic World
The medieval Islamic world comprised a wide variety of religions. While individuals and communities in this world identified themselves with particular faiths, boundaries between these groups were vague and in some cases nonexistent. Rather than simply borrowing or lending customs, goods, and notions to one another, the peoples of the Mediterranean region interacted within a common culture. Beyond Religious Borders presents sophisticated and often revolutionary studies of the ways Jewish, Christian, and Muslim thinkers drew ideas and inspiration from outside the bounds of their own religious communities. Each essay in this collection covers a key aspect of interreligious relationships in Mediterranean lands during the first six centuries of Islam. These studies focus on the cultural context of exchange, the impact of exchange, and the factors motivating exchange between adherents of different religions. Essays address the influence of the shared Arabic language on the transfer of knowledge, reconsider the restrictions imposed by Muslim rulers on Christian and Jewish subjects, and demonstrate the need to consider both Jewish and Muslim works in the study of Andalusian philosophy. Case studies on the impact of exchange examine specific literary, religious, and philosophical concepts that crossed religious borders. In each case, elements native to one religious group and originally foreign to another became fully at home in both. The volume concludes by considering why certain ideas crossed religious lines while others did not, and how specific figures involved in such processes understood their own roles in the transfer of ideas.
Jewish Culture & Contexts Series, Pennsylvania UP, 2011, geb, 221 pp, € 46.50, 9780812243741
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Fudeman, K. A.
Vernacular Voices. Language and Identity in Medieval French Jewish Communities
B2366
Jewish Culture and Contexts, Pennsylvania UP, 2010, geb, 254 pp, € 53.50, 9780812242508
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Galor, Katharina, Hanswulf Bloedhorn
The Archaeology of Jerusalem. From the Origins to the Ottomans
In this sweeping and lavishly illustrated history, Katharina Galor and Hanswulf Bloedhorn survey nearly four thousand years of human settlement and building activity in Jerusalem, from prehistoric times through the Ottoman period. The study is structured chronologically, exploring the city's material culture, including fortifications and water systems as well as key sacred, civic, and domestic architecture. Distinctive finds such as paintings, mosaics, pottery, and coins highlight each period. Their book provides a unique perspective on the emergence and development of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and the relationship among the three religions and their cultures into the modern period.

Katharina Galor is the Hirschfeld Visiting Assistant Professor in the Program in Judaic Studies at Brown University and an Adjunct Professor at the Rhode Island School of Design in the Department of History of Art and Visual Culture and the Department of Architecture. She lives in Providence, RI.

Hanswulf Bloedhorn is an expert on Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine architecture and decoration of public and sacred buildings, and a leading authority on the archaeology of Jerusalem. He lives in Tubingen, Germany.

Yale UP, 2013, geb, 332 pp, € 41.00, 9780300111958
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Glick, L.B.
Abraham's Heirs. Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe
By Order
Syracuse UP, 1999, pap, 323 pp, € 29.50, 0815627793 / 9780815627791
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Grunhaus, Naomi
The Challenge of Received Tradition: Dilemmas of Interpretation in Radak's Biblical Commentaries
One of the most vexing problems facing medieval Jewish interpreters of the Hebrew Bible was how to implement the new interpretive strategy of extracting the straightforward, contextual meaning of biblical verses (peshat), without neglecting revered ancient rabbinic modes of interpretation (derash), which tended to be more fanciful and homiletical. This book investigates the interpretive style of Radak (R. David Kimhi, c. 1160-1232), one of the most preeminent Jewish exegetes, who masterfully utilized both approaches simultaneously. Analyzing his idiosyncratic consistent juxtaposition of peshat and derash-type rabbinic comments, and thoroughly parsing his methodological statements, the book demonstrates how at times he finds rabbinic traditions essential to resolving textual questions that arise in exegesis, while at other times, he affords them only ancillary functions in his commentaries. Naomi Grunhaus also considers in depth Radak's criteria when challenging rabbinic teachings, whether in narrative or legal contexts, which leads to the conclusion that most often he rejects rabbinic traditions when they appear to contradict textual biblical evidence, but occasionally also on the grounds of implausibility. Particularly noteworthy is the author's discussion of Radak's apparent challenges to rabbinic legal interpretations of Scriptures, an approach which most other exegetes hesitated to take. The book considers the anomaly that Radak regularly quotes rabbinic traditions and relies on traditional authority, while simultaneously challenging this same authority when rejecting certain rabbinic interpretations.
Oxford UP, 2013, geb, 258 pp, € 59.00, 9780199858408
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Halbertal, Moshe
Maimonides: Life and Thought
Maimonides was the greatest Jewish philosopher and legal scholar of the medieval period, a towering figure who has had a profound and lasting influence on Jewish law, philosophy, and religious consciousness. This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to his life and work, revealing how his philosophical sensibility and outlook informed his interpretation of Jewish tradition.

Moshe Halbertal vividly describes Maimonides's childhood in Muslim Spain, his family's flight to North Africa to escape persecution, and their eventual resettling in Egypt. He draws on Maimonides's letters and the testimonies of his contemporaries, both Muslims and Jews, to offer new insights into his personality and the circumstances that shaped his thinking. Halbertal then turns to Maimonides's legal and philosophical work, analyzing his three great books - Commentary on the Mishnah, the Mishneh Torah, and the Guide of the Perplexed. He discusses Maimonides's battle against all attempts to personify God, his conviction that God's presence in the world is mediated through the natural order rather than through miracles, and his locating of philosophy and science at the summit of the religious life of Torah. Halbertal examines Maimonides's philosophical positions on fundamental questions such as the nature and limits of religious language, creation and nature, prophecy, providence, the problem of evil, and the meaning of the commandments.

Moshe Halbertal is the Gruss professor of Law at New York University, professor of Jewish thought and philosophy at the Hebrew University, and professor of law at IDC Herzliya in Israel. His books include On Sacrifice and Concealment and Revelation: Esotericism in Jewish Thought and Its Philosophical Implications

Princeton UP, 2013, geb, 385 pp, € 34.50, 9780691158518
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Halevi, J. (R.M. Post, vert.)
Kuzari, het boek van de Chazaar
Als de koning der Chazaren in de achtste eeuw voor zijn volk een geschikte godsdienst wil kiezen, nodigt hij een filosoof, christen, moslim en joodse wijze uit. Zij verdedigen allen hun geloof. Al snel vernauwt het dispuut zich tot een dialoog tussen de koning en de joodse wijze.

Het boek van de Chazaar (Kuzari) behandelt traditionele filosofische vraagstukken (oorsprong van het leven, voorbeschikking en vrije wil) en is tegelijkertijd, zoals de ondertitel luidt, een 'bewijs ter verdediging van het verachte geloof'. Het geeft een diep inzicht in de achtergronden van de joodse religie en mystiek aan de hand van talloze bijbelpassages, tradities, de Hebreeuwse taal en het jodendom, culminerend in de nog steeds actuele stelling dat het joodse volk is uitverkoren en onlosmakelijk verbonden met het land van Israel. Achtergrond is de historische bekering van de Chazaren, een Turks volk in de Kaukasus.

De Kuzari is het belangrijkste filosofische werk van de joodse dichter, arts en geleerde Juda Halevi (1070-1141), die leefde in het islamitische Spanje van die dagen. Dit standaardwerk is nu voor het eerst beschikbaar in een volledige Nederlandse vertaling van filosoof en classicus Rolf Post. Onderdeel van de vertaling is de 'brief van de Chazaar', historische correspondentie uit de tiende eeuw tussen de toenmalige koning der Chazaren Josef en de joodse minister van buitenlandse zaken Chasdai ibn Sjaproet

Mastix Press, 2010, pap, 232 pp, € 25.00, 9789080960145
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Hallevi, Juda (Halevi)
Le Kuzari Apologie de la religion meprisee
Traduit sur le texte original arabe confrontee avec la version hebraique et accompagne d'une introduction et notes par Charles Touati
Peeters, 1994, pap, 252 pp, € 40.00, 9789068315660
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Hartman, D.
Maimonides. Torah and Philosophic Quest, expanded edition
In his "1976 Maimonides: Torah and Philosophical Quest", David Hartman departs from traditional scholarly views about Maimonides by offering a new way of understanding the great man and his work. This expanded edition contains Hartman's new postscript. A 12th-century rabbi, scholar, physician, and philosopher, Moses Maimonides is best known for his two great works on "Judaism: Mishneh Torah" and "Guide to the Perplexed". They have often been viewed by scholars as having different audiences and different messages, together reflecting the two sides of the author himself: Maimonides the halakhist, who focused on piety through obedience to Jewish law; and Maimonides the philosopher, who advocated closeness with God through reflection and knowledge of nature. Hartman argues that while many scholars look at one aspect of Maimonides to the exclusion or dismissal of the other, the way to really understand him is to see both adherence to the law and philosophical pursuits as two essential aspects of Judaism. Hartman's 2009 postscript sheds new light on his argument and indeed on Judaism as Maimonides interpreted it. In it Hartman explains that while Maimonides never envisioned the integration of halakhah with philosophy, he did view them as existing in a symbiotic relationship. While the focus of the Mishneh Torah was halakha and obedience to Jewish law, "Guide to the Perplexed" spoke to individuals whose love of God grew through their passion, devotion and yearning to understand God's wisdom and power in nature. Both modes of spiritual orientation lived in the thought of Maimonides.
Jewish Publication Society, JPS, 1976 / 2009, pap, 322 pp, € 26.90, 9780827609112
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Harvey, W. Zeev
Maimonides’ plaats in de geschiedenis van de filosofie
Leeser Rosenthal/Juda Palache-lezing, Vossiuspers, 2004, pap, 18 pp, € 7.60, 9056293168
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Hillel von Verona
Uber die Vollendung der Seele. Hebraisch-Deutsch
Herder Bibliothek der Philosophie des Mittelalters, Herder Verlag, 2009, geb, 304 pp, € 43.90, 9783451287107
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Ibn Daud, A.
Sefer Ha-Qabbalah. The Book of Tradition
A Critical Edition with a Translation and Notes by Gerson D. Cohen
The Littman Library of Jewish Civilazation Series, Littman, 1967, pap, 348 + 75 pp, € 33.90, 9781904113317
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Kanarfogel, Ephraim
The Intellectual History and Rabbinic Culture of Medieval Ashkenaz
In The Intellectual History and Rabbinic Culture of Medieval Ashkenaz, author Ephraim Kanarfogel challenges the dominant perception that medieval Ashkenazic rabbinic scholarship was lacking in intellectualism or broad scholarly interests. While cultural interaction between Jews and Christians in western Europe was less than that of Sephardic Jews, Kanarfogel's study shows that the intellectual interests of Ashkenazic rabbinic figures were much broader than Talmudic studies alone.

Kanarfogel begins by highlighting several factors that have contributed to relatively narrow perceptions of Ashkenazic rabbinic culture and argues that the Tosafists, and Ashkenazic rabbinic scholarship more generally, advocated a wide definition of the truths that could be discovered through Torah study. He explores differences in talmudic and halakhic studies between the Tosafist centers of northern France and Germany, delves into aspects of biblical interpretation in each region, and identifies important Tosafists and rabbinic figures. Kanarfogel also examines the composition of liturgical poetry (piyyut) by Tosafists, interest in forms of (white) magic and mysticism on the part of a number of northern French Tosafists, and a spectrum of views on the question of anthropomorphism and messianism.

Wayne State UP, 2012, geb, 565 pp, € 59.50, 9780814330241
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Kaplan, Y.
An Alternative Path to Modernity: The Western Sephardi Diaspora in the Seventeenth Century
Brills Series in Jewish Studies v. 28, Brill, 2000, geb, 350 pp, € 172.50, 9789004117426
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Kaplan, Y. (ed)
The Dutch Intersection: The Jews and the Netherlands in Modern History
Brills Series in Jewish Studies v. 38, Brill, 2008, geb, 472 pp, € 129.00, 9789004149960
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Kaplan, Y. (eds)
Menasseh ben Israel and His World
Brills Studies in Intellectual History 15, Brill, 1989, geb, 287 pp, € 104.95, 9789004091146
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Katz, J.
Tradition and Crisis. Jewish Society at the end of the Middle Ages
BY ORDER
Syracuse UP, 2000, pap, 392 pp, € 37.00, 0815628277
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Kellner, M.M.
Maimonides. Metapysics, Metaphor, Morality
BY ORDER
Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2006, geb, 256 pp, € 59.90, 9781904113294
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Kogman-Appel, K.
A Mahzor from Worms. Art and Religion in a Medieval Jewish Community
The Leipzig Mahzor is one of the most lavish Hebrew illuminated manuscripts of all time. A prayer book used during Jewish holidays, it was produced in the Middle Ages for the Jewish community of Worms in the German Rhineland.

Though Worms was a vibrant center of Judaism in the eleventh and twelfth centuries and drew celebrated rabbis, little is known about the city's Jews in the later Middle Ages. In the pages of its famous book, Katrin Kogman-Appel discovers a portal into the life of this fourteenth-century community. Medieval mahzorim were used only for special services in the synagogue and "belonged" to the whole congregation, so their visual imagery reflected the local cultural associations and beliefs. The Leipzig Mahzor pays homage to one of Worms' most illustrious scholars, Eleazar ben Judah. Its imagery reveals how his Ashkenazi Pietist worldview and involvement in mysticism shaped the community's religious practice.

Kogman-Appel draws attention to the Mahzor's innovations, including its strategy for avoiding visual representation of God and its depiction of customs such as the washing of dishes before Passover, something less common in other mahzorim. In addition to decoding its iconography, Kogman-Appel approaches the manuscript as a ritual object that preserved a sense of identity and cohesion within a community facing a wide range of threats to its stability and security.

Harvard UP, 2012, geb, 295 pp, € 42.90, 9780674064546
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Koren, S. F.
Forsaken. The Menstruant in Medieval Jewish Mysticism
An analysis of why there are no known female mystics in medieval and early modern Judaism, unlike contemporaneous movements in Christianity and Islam
HBI Series on Jewish Women, University of New England Press, 2011, pap, 286 pp, € 43.50, 9781584659822
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Kruger, S.F.
The Spectral Jew: Conversion and Embodiment in Medieval Europe
Medieval Cultures Series, 40, University of Minnesota Press, 2006, pap, 321 pp, € 31.00, 0816640629
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Kupfer, P. (Hrsg.)
Youtai - Presence and Perception of Jews and Judaism in China
FASK 47, Peter Lang, 2008, pap, 327 pp, € 61.00, 9783631575338
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Kushner, T.
Anglo-Jewry since 1066. Place, locality and memory
Anglo-Jewry since 1066: Place, locality and memory is a study of the history and memory of Anglo-Jewry from medieval times to the present and is the first to explore the construction of identities, both Jewish and non-Jewish, in relation to the concept of place.

The introductory chapters provide a theoretical overview focusing on the nature of local studies then moves into a chronological frame, starting with medieval Winchester, moving to early modern Portsmouth and then chapters covering the evolution of Anglo-Jewry from emancipation to the twentieth century. Emphasis is placed on the impact on identities resulting from the complex relationship between migration (including transmigration) and settlement of minority groups.

Drawing upon a wide range of approaches, including history, cultural and literary studies, geography, Jewish and ethnic and racial studies, Kushner uses extensive sources including novels, poems, art, travel literature, autobiographical writing, official documentation, newspapers and census data. This book will appeal to scholars interested in Jewish studies and British history.

Machester UP, 2009/2011, pap, 274 pp, € 23.50, 9780719085987
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Lampert, Lisa
Gender and Jewish Difference. From Paul to Shakespeare
Although representations of medieval Christians and Christianity are rarely subject to the same scholarly scrutiny as those of Jews and Judaism, the Christian is as constructed a term, category, and identity as the Jew. Medieval Christian authors created complex notions of Christian identity through strategic use of representations of Others: idealized Jewish patriarchs or demonized contemporary Jews; Woman represented as either virgin or whore. In Western thought, the Christian was figured as spiritual and masculine, defined in opposition to the carnal, feminine, and Jewish. Women and Jews are not simply the Other for the Christian exegetical tradition, however; they also represent sources of origin, as one cannot conceive of men without women or of Christianity without Judaism. The bifurcated representations of Woman and Jew found in the literature of the Middle Ages and beyond reflect the uneasy figurations of women and Jews as both insiders and outsiders to Christian society.

Gender and Jewish Difference from Paul to Shakespeare

provides the first extended examination of the linkages of gender and Jewish difference in late medieval and early modern English literature. Focusing on representations of Jews and women in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, selections from medieval drama, and Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, Lampert explores the ways in which medieval and early modern authors used strategies of opposition to-and identification with-figures of Jews and women to create individual and collective Christian identities. This book shows not only how these questions are interrelated in the texts of medieval and early modern England but how they reveal the distinct yet similarly paradoxical places held by Woman and Jew within a longer tradition of Western thought that extends to the present day.

The Middle Ages Series, Pennsylvania UP, 2004, geb, 277 pp, € 60.00, 9780812237757
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Lange, Nicholas de (ed.)
Hebrew Scholarship in the Medieval World
This book brings together specially commissioned contributions by leading scholars from around the world, who focus on the place of Hebrew scholarship in the Middle Ages. Hebrew language is at the heart of the volume, but beyond that there is a specific focus on scholarly investigation and writing, interpreted in the broad sense to include not only linguistic study pursued for its own sake but also as applied in other areas, such as biblical commentary or poetic creation. At the same time there is a focus on contemporary scholarship. Several of the contributions survey research in major areas. Thirdly, the place of Hebrew scholarship within a wider medieval world is a subject that receives special attention, and particularly the interaction between Jewish scholars and their Christian and Muslim counterparts.
Cambridge UP, 2001, pap, 247 pp, € 29.99, 9780521172660
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Lange, Nicholas de, J. G. Krivoruchko, C. Boyd-Taylor (eds)
Jewish Reception of Greek Bible Versions
The authors of the essays collected in this volume are all concerned with the Jewish transmission and use of Greek translations of the biblical books from Late Antiquity to the early modern period. It is only in recent years that the idea of such a Jewish transmission has gained acceptance, and the present volume represents the first attempt to bring together contributions from specialists in a number of areas, including not only biblical and Jewish studies but also such disciplines as epigraphy and Byzantine history and literature, to investigate a wide range of aspects of the subject. The authors not only explore some of the ways in which Greek-speaking Jews kept alive a tradition of Greek biblical scholarship going back to ancient times, but also how this tradition impinged on Christian Bible study. They open a window on a forgotten chapter in biblical scholarship, and at the same time shed important light on aspects of Jewish life in the Middle Ages.
Texts and Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Judaism TSMJ 23, Mohr Siebeck, 2009, geb, 336 pp, € 107.50, 9783161497797
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Libson, Gideon
Jewish and Islamic Law. A Comparitive Study of Custom During the Geonic Period
VAN 57,- VOOR 27,50
Harvard Series in Islamic Law, Harvard University Press, 2003, geb, 367pp, € 27.50, 9780674011069
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Lieberman, J. (ed)
Sephardi Family Life in the Early Modern Diaspora
Brandeis UP, 2011, pap, 279 pp, € 37.75, 9781584659570
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Linetsky, M.
Rabbi Saadiah Gaon’s Commentary on the Book of Creation. Annotated and Translated by M. Linetsky.
op bestelling/by order
Jason Aronson, 2002, geb, 375 pp, € 59.55, 0765760878
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Lipton, Sara
Images of Intolerance: The Representation of Jews and Judaism in the Bible Moralisee
Van 78.35 voor 25.- Around the year 1225, an illuminated Bible was made for the king of France. That work and a companion volume, the two earliest surviving manuscripts of the Bible moralisee, are remarkable in a number of ways: they are massive in scope; they combine text and image to an unprecedented extent; and their illustrations, almost unique among medieval images in depicting contemporary figures and situations, comprise a vehement visual polemic against the Jews. In Images of Intolerance, Sara Lipton offers a nuanced and insightful reading of these extraordinary sources.

Lipton investigates representations of Jews' economic activities, the depiction of Jews' scriptures in relation to Christian learning, the alleged association of Jews with heretics and other malefactors in Christian society, and their position in Christian eschatology. Jews are portrayed as threatening the purity of the Body of Christ, the integrity of the text of scripture, the faith, mores, and study habits of students, and the spiritual health of Christendom itself. Most interesting, however, is that the menacing themes in the Bible moralisee are represented in text and images as aspects of Jewish "perfidy" that are rampant among Christians as well. This innovative interdisciplinary study brings new understanding to the nature and development of social intolerance, and to the role art can play in that development.

Calfornia UP, 1999, geb, 240 pp, € 25.00, 9780520215511
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Loopik, Marcus van
Het juiste midden. Maimonides: arts, rechtsgeleerde en filosoof
De Joodse rechtsgeleerde, arts en filosoof Maimonides (1134-1204) wist vele vakgebieden met elkaar te verwerven. Als man van meerdere beroepen bleef hij de samenhang in de veelheid der dingen zien. De arts en zielzorger heeft hij niet van elkaar willen scheiden. Zijn mensbeeld is holistisch van aard en opvallend actueel.In de zogeheten acht hoofdstukken (een inleiding op zijn commentaar bij het misjna-traktaat Spreuken der Vaderen) heeft Maimonides gedachten over God, de mens en de wereld op heldere wijze voor een groot publiek uiteengezet. Hij geeft daarbij blijk van inzicht in de psychomatische samenhang van ziekten, het belang van gedragstraining bij de bestrijding van criminaliteit, de educatieve functie van rituelen en geboden, en het belang van theologie die ruimte vrij laat voor de vrije wil van de mens. Het denken van Maimonides is in letterlijke zin helend. Het kan wetenschappelijk reductionisme en gebrek aan ruimdenkendheid tegengaan.
De auteur dr. Marcus van Loopik (1950) is wetenschapper en publicist op het gebied van het jodendom. Hij verzorgde tal van publicaties, waaronder een commentaar bij enkele kleine Talmoed-traktaten (Derech Eretz), een boek over de mechilta en een recent boek over de psalmen Bitter & Zoet, voorzien van commentaar en illustratioes (kleuretsen) van eigen hand.
Amphora Books, 2007, pap, 222 pp, € 19.50, 9789064460517
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Maccoby, Hyam
Judaism on Trial: Jewish-Christian Disputations in the Middle Ages
Hyam Maccoby's now classic study focuses on the major Jewish-Christian disputations of medieval Europe: those of Paris (1240), Barcelona (1263), and Tortosa (1413-14). It examines the content of these theological confrontations with a sense of present-day relevance, while also discussing the use made of scriptural proof-texts. Part I provides a general thematic consideration of the three disputations and their social and historical background. Part II is a complete translation of the account of the Barcelona Disputation written by Nahmanides, one of the greatest figures in the history of Jewish learning, and was Jewish spokesman at the disputation. Part III contains Jewish and Christian accounts of the Paris and Tortosa disputations. A new introduction reviews the relevant literature that has been published since the original edition appeared.
Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 1982/1993, pap, 246 pp, € 22.50, 9781874774167
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Maimonides, M.
Medical Aphorisms : Treatises 10 - 15
A Parallel Arabic-English Edition edited, translated and annotated by Gerrit Bos

Moses Maimonides is among the most celebrated rabbis in the history of Judaism and the author of enduring works on philosophy, law, and medicine. "Medical Aphorisms" is the best-known and most comprehensive of his works, and Gerrit Bos offers here a masterly English translation with detailed annotations. "Medical Aphorisms" consists of approximately 1,500 maxims compiled by Maimonides arranges the aphorisms into twenty-five treatises, organizing them by traditional medieval subspecialties such as gynecology, hygiene, and diet. The central subjects of the treatises presented in this volume include fevers, periods and crises of a disease, and surgery. Because the original texts that Maimonides drew from have not survived, these aphorisms provide tantalizing clues about aspects of Galen's thought that are otherwise unknown. They thus serve as a window onto the ancient medical theories of Galen, as well as on the medieval practice of Maimonides.

Chicago U.P., 2011, geb, 200 pp, € 28.50, 9780842527804
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Maimonides, M. (Moses ben Maimon)
Ethical Writings of Maimonides
Dover Books on Western Philosophy, Dover Publ., 1975, pap, 182 pp, € 11.25, 0486245225 / 9780486245225
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Maimonides, M. (Moses ben Maimon)
Medical Aphorisms. Treatises 1-5
Maimonides, one of the most celebrated rabbis in the history of Judaism, was a prolific author of influential Arabic philosophical and medical treatises and two of the most important works on Jewish law. "Medical Aphorisms" is the best known and most comprehensive of his works, and Gerrit Bos offers here a masterful English translation with detailed annotations.
"Medical Aphorisms" consists of approximately 1500 maxims compiled by Maimonides from the treatises of Galen, the renowned ancient Greek physician. Maimonides arranges the aphorisms into twenty-five treatises, organizing them by traditional medieval subspecialties such as gynecology, hygiene, and diet. He also includes a section examining unusual cases from Galen and offers a critical analysis of Galen's theories.
The first of six volumes, "Medical Aphorisms" provides tantalizing insights into the work of Galen, as it draws on treatises of Galen that no longer exist and shines a light into the world of medieval and ancient medicine. It will be a rich and valuable resource for students and scholars working in the history of medicine, Jewish studies, and medieval Arabic culture.
The Medical Works of Moses Maimonides, Brigham Young University Press, 2004, geb, 156 pp, € 37.50, 9780934893756
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Maimonides, M. (Moses ben Maimon)
The Book of Love
The code of Maimonides (1138-1204) is one of the most famous and important writings in Hebrew since the Bible. This masterful translation of the second book of the code, The Book of Love, deals primarily with laws concerning the worship of God. Menachem Kellner offers the first translation based upon the manuscript approved by Maimonides himself, accompanied by annotations and a helpful introduction. Published on the 800th anniversary of the author's death, this volume joins thirteen previously translated volumes of Maimonides' code in the Yale Judaica Series. Together these books provide access not only to a great medieval mind but also to the mind of the whole Jewish legal system.
The Code of Maimonides Book 2, Yale UP, 2004, geb, 236 pp, € 49.90, 9780300103489
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Maimonides, M. (Moses ben Maimon)
The Guide for the Perplexed
Translated from the original arabic by M. Friedlaender,PhD. Second rev ed. (1904).
Dover Publ., 1904/1956, pap, 414 pp, € 14.95, 9780486203515
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Maimonides, M. (Moses ben Maimon)
The Guide of the Perplexed, Volume 1
This monument of rabbinical exegesis written at the end of the twelfth century has exerted an immense and continuing influednce upon Jewish thought. Its aim is to liberate people from the tormenting perplexities arising from their understanding of the Bible according only to its literal meaning. This edition contains extensive introductions by Shlomo Pines and Leo Strauss, a leading authority on Maimonides.

Translated and with an Introduction and Notes by Shlomo Pines. Introductory essay by Leo Strauss.

Chicago UP, 1963, pap, 231 pp, € 44.95, 9780226502304
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Maimonides, M. (Moses ben Maimon)
The Guide of the Perplexed, Volume 2
This monument of rabbinical exegesis, written at the end of the twelfth century, has exerted an immense and continuing influence upon Jewish thought. It has also been a formative element in the thinking of leading Christian writers and philosophers down through the seventeenth century. The "Guide" is not a philosophical treatise. Rather, its aim is to liberate men from the tormenting perplexities arising from their understanding of the Bible according only to its literal meaning.

Translated and with an Introduction and Notes by Shlomo Pines. Introductory essay by Leo Strauss.

Chicago UP, 1963, pap, 235-658 pp, € 39.95, 9780226502311
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Malkiel, D.
Reconstructing Ashkenaz. The Human Face of Franco-German Jewry, 1000- 1250
By Order
Stanford Studies in Jewish History and Culture, Standford UP, 2009, geb, 357 pp, € 69.75, 9780804759502
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Manekin, C.
Medieval Jewish Philosophical Writings
Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy, Cambridge UP, 2007, pap, 256 pp, € 26.50, 9780521549516
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Mikosch, G.
Von alter e und ungetriuwen Juden. Juden und Judendiskurse in den deutschen Predigten des 12. und 13. Jahrhunderts
Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2010, pap, 240 pp, € 33.95, 9783770549825
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Neusner, J.
Narrative and Document in the Rabbinic Canon. Volume II. The Two Talmuds
B2581
University Press of America, 2010, pap, 297 pp, € 36.90, 9780761852117
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Newby, G.D.
A History of the Jews of Arabia; From Ancient Times to Their Eclipse under Islam
Studies in Comparative Religion, South Carolina UP, 2009, pap, 177pp, € 27.50, 9781570038853
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Nuland, S.B.
Maimonides. Een biografie
Acb
Atlas, 2010, pap, 320p, € 24.95, 9789045000336
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Polliack, M
The Karaite Tradition of Arabic Bible Translation. A Linguistic and Exegetical Study of Karaite Translations of the Pentateuch from the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries C.E.
By order
Études sur le Judaïsme Médiéval, 17, Brill, 1997, geb, 338 pp, € 171.72, 9004102671
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Raspe, L.
Judische Hagiographie im mittelalterlichen Aschkenas
3161485750 / 9783161485756
Texts and Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Judaism, 19, Mohr Siebeck, 2006, 403 pp, € 117,90, € 117.90, 9783161485756
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Ray, J.
The Sephardic Frontier: The Reconquista and the Jewish Community in Medieval Iberia
BY ORDER
Cornell UP, 2008, geb, 198 pp, € 47.00, 9780801444012
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Ray, J. (ed.)
The Jew in Medieval Iberia. (1100-1500)
The Jew in Medieval Iberia is an exploration of the richness and diversity of Jewish society in Christian Iberia from 1100-1500, providing a fresh look at the ways in which medieval Jews conceived of themselves and their communities, as well as their relationship to the surrounding society. The essays collected in this volume transcend older stereotypes of Christian persecution and Jewish piety to reveal a complex and vibrant community of merchants and scholars, townsmen and -women, cultural intermediaries and guardians of religious tradition. Taken together, they present a portrait that adds greater nuances to our understanding of both medieval Jewish and medieval Spanish history.
Jews in Space and Time, Academic Studies Press, 2012, geb, 441 pp, € 115.00, 9781936235353
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Raz-Krakotzkin, Amnon
The Censor, the Editor, and the Text. The Catholic Church and the Shaping of the Jewish Canon in the Sixteenth Century
University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, geb, 314 pp, € 73.95, 9780812240115
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Rosenblum, J.D.
Food and identity in Early Rabbinic Judaism
Cambridge UP, 2010, geb, 223 pp, € 67.90, 9780521195980
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Rosen, Tova
Unveiling Eve. Reading Gender in Medieval Hebrew Literature
Jewish Culture and Contexts, Pennsylvania Press, 2003, geb, 264pp, € 49.50, 9780812237108
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Rubin, M.
Gentile Tales. The Narrative Assault on Late Medieval Jews
Beginning in Paris in the year 1290, Jews were accused of abusing Christ by desecrating the eucharist-the manifestation of Christ's body in the communion service. Over the next two centuries this tale of desecration spread throughout Europe and led to violent anti-Jewish activity in areas from Catalonia to Bohemia, particularly in some German-speaking regions, where at times it produced regionwide massacres and "cleansings."

Drawing on sources ranging from religious tales and poems to Jews' confessions made under torture, Miri Rubin explores the frightening power of one of the most persistent anti-Jewish stories of the Middle Ages and the violence that it bred. She looks not just at the occasions on which massacres occurred but also at those times when the story failed to set off violence. She investigates as well the ways these tales were commemorated in rituals, altarpieces, and legends and were enshrined in local traditions. In exploring the character, nature, development, and eventual decay of this fantasy of host desecration, Rubin presents a vivid picture of the mental world of late medieval Europe and of the culture of anti-Judaism.

The Middle Ages Series, Pennsylvania UP, 2004, pap, 266 pp, € 31.50, 9780812218800
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Rudavsky, T. M.
Maimonides
B2093
Blackwell Great Minds, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, pap, 225 pp, € 24.50, 9781405148986
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Rudavsky, T. M.
Maimonides
B2093
Blackwell Great Minds, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, geb, 225 pp, € 64.50, 9781405148979
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Rustow, M.
Heresy and the Politics of Community. The Jews of the Fatimid Caliphate
Conjunctions of Religion and Power in the Medieval Past Series, Cornell UP, 2008, geb, 435 pp, € 40.50, 9780801445828
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Rynhold, D.
An Introduction to Medieval Jewish Philosophy
I.B. Tauris, 2009, pap, 256 pp, € 23.50, 9781845117481
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Sabih, J.A.
Japheth ben Alis Book of Jeremiah. A Critical Edition and Linguistic Analysis of the Judaeo-Arabic Translation
Copenhagen International Seminar, Equinox, 2009, geb, 500 pp, € 118.50, 9781845533380
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Schafer, P.
Mirror of his Beauty. Feminine Images of God from the Bible to the Early Kabbalah
Toward the end of the twelfth century, a small book titled the Bahir (Light) appeared in Provence. The first document of Judaism's emerging kabbalistic movement, it introduced a completely new view of God, one that included a divine potency that was essentially female. This female divinity was portrayed both as a mediator between Jews and God and as part of the Godhead itself.

Examining Judaic history from the biblical Wisdom tradition to the Middle Ages, Schafer finds some precedents for the Kabbalah's feminine divinity. But he cannot account for her forceful appearance in twelfth-century southern France without reference to the immediate Christian environment, particularly the flourishing veneration of the Virgin Mary. Indeed, twelfth-century Jews and Christians were simultaneously rediscovering the feminine as an aspect of the Godhead after having abandoned it in favor of either an abstract, disembodied God or an exclusively male one.

In proposing that the medieval cult of Mary--rather than eastern Gnosticism--is the appropriate framework for understanding the feminine elements in Jewish mysticism, Mirror of His Beauty represents a sea change in Kabbalah and Jewish-Christian cultural studies. It shifts our attention from the Byzantine East to the Latin Christian West.
And in contrast to histories that treat the development of Judaism and Christianity in isolation, it leads us to a fuller understanding of Jews and Christians living in proximity, aware of each other.

Click here for the complete series.

Jews, Christians and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2004, pap, 306 pp, € 28.90, 9780691119809
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Schama, Simon
De geschiedenis van de Joden, Deel 1: De woorden vinden: 1000 v.C. tot 1492
Dit is het boek dat Simon Schama altijd al heeft willen schrijven:'Possibly the greatest story ever told', een grootse geschiedenis van het Joodse volk in de geschiedenis van de wereld. Van Mozes tot psychoanalyse, van de Bijbel tot de Westelijke Jordaanoever, van de cultuur tot en met de wetenschap: op al deze terreinen zijn Joden van een beslissende invloed geweest op de ontwikkeling van de wereld. Zoals John Adams, de tweede president van de Verenigde Staten ooit schreef: 'De Joden hebben meer bijgedragen aan de beschaving van de mensheid dan willekeurig welk land'. Schama vertelt dit verhaal met de weidse blik die hem tot een van de beste historici van onze tijd maakt: een geschiedenis waarin schoonheid en gruwelen een even grote rol spelen.

Deel 2 verschijnt jan. 2017

Atlas Contact, 2013, geb, 448 pp, € 34.95, 9789025435172
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Schama, Simon
De geschiedenis van de Joden, Deel 1: De woorden vinden: 1000 v.C. tot 1492
In herdruk, verschijnt weer eind mei 2016, hardback wel leverbaar

Dit is het boek dat Simon Schama altijd al heeft willen schrijven:'Possibly the greatest story ever told', een grootse geschiedenis van het Joodse volk in de geschiedenis van de wereld. Van Mozes tot psychoanalyse, van de Bijbel tot de Westelijke Jordaanoever, van de cultuur tot en met de wetenschap: op al deze terreinen zijn Joden van een beslissende invloed geweest op de ontwikkeling van de wereld. Zoals John Adams, de tweede president van de Verenigde Staten ooit schreef: 'De Joden hebben meer bijgedragen aan de beschaving van de mensheid dan willekeurig welk land'. Schama vertelt dit verhaal met de weidse blik die hem tot een van de beste historici van onze tijd maakt: een geschiedenis waarin schoonheid en gruwelen een even grote rol spelen.

Deel 2 verschijnt jan. 2017

Atlas Contact, 2014, pap, 448 pp, € 24.99, 9789045027623
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Schama, Simon
De geschiedenis van de Joden Deel 1: De woorden vinden: 1000 v.C. tot 1492, Dwarsligger
Dit is het boek dat Simon Schama altijd al heeft willen schrijven:'Possibly the greatest story ever told', een grootse geschiedenis van het Joodse volk in de geschiedenis van de wereld. Van Mozes tot psychoanalyse, van de Bijbel tot de Westelijke Jordaanoever, van de cultuur tot en met de wetenschap: op al deze terreinen zijn Joden van een beslissende invloed geweest op de ontwikkeling van de wereld. Zoals John Adams, de tweede president van de Verenigde Staten ooit schreef: 'De Joden hebben meer bijgedragen aan de beschaving van de mensheid dan willekeurig welk land'. Schama vertelt dit verhaal met de weidse blik die hem tot een van de beste historici van onze tijd maakt: een geschiedenis waarin schoonheid en gruwelen een even grote rol spelen.
Dwarsligger, 2015, geb, € 19.95, 9789049804282
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Schama, Simon
The Story of the Jews, Finding the Words, 1000 BCE-1492 CE
It is a story like no other: an epic of endurance against destruction, of creativity in oppression, joy amidst grief, the affirmation of life against the steepest of odds. It spans the millennia and the continents - from India to Andalusia and from the bazaars of Cairo to the streets of Oxford. It takes you to unimagined places: to a Jewish kingdom in the mountains of southern Arabia; a Syrian synagogue glowing with radiant wall paintings; the palm groves of the Jewish dead in the Roman catacombs. And its voices ring loud and clear, from the severities and ecstasies of the Bible writers to the love poems of wine bibbers in a garden in Muslim Spain.

Within these pages, the Talmud burns in the streets of Paris, massed gibbets hang over the streets of medieval London, a Majorcan illuminator redraws the world; candles are lit, chants are sung, mules are packed, ships loaded with spice and gems founder at sea.

And a great story unfolds. Not - as often imagined - of a culture apart, but of a Jewish world immersed in and imprinted by the peoples among whom they have dwelled, from the Egyptians to the Greeks, from the Arabs to the Christians. Which makes the story of the Jews everyone's story, too.

Ecco Press, 2014, geb, 496 pp, € 41.95, 9780060539184
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Schama, Simon
The Story of the Jews, Finding the Words, 1000 BCE-1492 CE
It is a story like no other: an epic of endurance against destruction, of creativity in oppression, joy amidst grief, the affirmation of life against the steepest of odds. It spans the millennia and the continents - from India to Andalusia and from the bazaars of Cairo to the streets of Oxford. It takes you to unimagined places: to a Jewish kingdom in the mountains of southern Arabia; a Syrian synagogue glowing with radiant wall paintings; the palm groves of the Jewish dead in the Roman catacombs. And its voices ring loud and clear, from the severities and ecstasies of the Bible writers to the love poems of wine bibbers in a garden in Muslim Spain.

Within these pages, the Talmud burns in the streets of Paris, massed gibbets hang over the streets of medieval London, a Majorcan illuminator redraws the world; candles are lit, chants are sung, mules are packed, ships loaded with spice and gems founder at sea.

And a great story unfolds. Not - as often imagined - of a culture apart, but of a Jewish world immersed in and imprinted by the peoples among whom they have dwelled, from the Egyptians to the Greeks, from the Arabs to the Christians. Which makes the story of the Jews everyone's story, too.

Random House, 2013, pap, 496 pp, € 21.95, 9781847921338
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Schama, Simon
The Story of the Jews, Finding the Words, 1000 BCE-1492 CE
It is a story like no other: an epic of endurance against destruction, of creativity in oppression, joy amidst grief, the affirmation of life against the steepest of odds. It spans the millennia and the continents - from India to Andalusia and from the bazaars of Cairo to the streets of Oxford. It takes you to unimagined places: to a Jewish kingdom in the mountains of southern Arabia; a Syrian synagogue glowing with radiant wall paintings; the palm groves of the Jewish dead in the Roman catacombs. And its voices ring loud and clear, from the severities and ecstasies of the Bible writers to the love poems of wine bibbers in a garden in Muslim Spain.

Within these pages, the Talmud burns in the streets of Paris, massed gibbets hang over the streets of medieval London, a Majorcan illuminator redraws the world; candles are lit, chants are sung, mules are packed, ships loaded with spice and gems founder at sea.

And a great story unfolds. Not - as often imagined - of a culture apart, but of a Jewish world immersed in and imprinted by the peoples among whom they have dwelled, from the Egyptians to the Greeks, from the Arabs to the Christians. Which makes the story of the Jews everyone's story, too.

Random House, 2014, pap, 550 pp, € 16.99, 9780099546689
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Scheil, A.
The Footsteps of Israel: Understanding Jews in Anglo-Saxon England
Michigan UP, 2004, geb, 372 pp, € 74.50, 9780472114085
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Scheindlin, R.P.
Wine, women, and death. Medieval Hebrew poems on the good life
Oxford UP, 1999, pap, 204 pp, € 22.00, 9780195129878
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Schneidlin, R.P.
The Song of the Distant Dove. Judah Halevi’s Pilgrimage
te bestellen
Oxford UP, 2007, geb, 310 pp, € 32.50, 9780195315424
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Schnitz, R.P.
Jakob ben Reuben: Kriege Gottes / Milchamot hash-shem
Gegen Ende des 12. Jahrhunderts verfasste Jakob ben Reuben in Nordspanien oder Südfrankreich sein Werk Milchamot hash-shem (Kriege Gottes), die erste große antichristliche Streitschrift. Es handelt sich um ein philosophisch-theologisches Werk von hohem Niveau, das selbstbewusst und wehrhaft auf Basis profunder Kenntnis christlicher Positionen - z. B. der Gilbert Crispins (gestorben 1117) - mit rationaler Kritik Dogmen sowie Inhalte des Neuen Testaments (Matthäusevangelium) analysiert. In einem Dialog zwischen dem «Bekenner» und «Leugner der Einheit (Gottes)» werden in 12 Kapiteln 12 christliche Themenkreise mittels Vernunfterkenntnis und Exegese im historischen Kontext sachkundig, mit bisweilen bissigen Bemerkungen behandelt. Den folgenden Jahrhunderten diente dieses Werk in Argumentation, Themenfolge und Anlage als Grundlage und Vorbild für die jüdisch-christliche Auseinandersetzung, jedoch nur selten sein Niveau erreichend.
Judentum und Umwelt 81, Peter Lang, 2011, geb, 227 pp, € 54.00, 9783631594964
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Seeskin, K.
Maimonides on the Origin of the World
BY ORDER
Cambridge UP, 2007, pap, 215 pp, € 26.90, 9780521697521
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Seeskin, K.
The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides
By Order
Cambridge Companions to Philosophy, Cambridge UP, 2005, pap, 406 pp, € 29.95, 0521525780
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Shaked, Sh. (ed.)
Officina Magica. Essays on the Practice of Magic in Antiquity
Studies in Judaica Series 4, Brill Academic Publishers, 2005, geb, 328 pp, € 157.94, 9004144595
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Shear, A.
The Kuzari and the Shaping of Jewish Identity 1167-1900
By Order
Cambridge UP, 2008, geb, 384 pp, € 62.50, 9780521885331
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Shepkaru, S.
Jewish Martyrs in the Pagan and Christian Worlds
by order / te bestellen
Cambridge UP, 2005, geb, 414 pp, € 74.50, 0521842816
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Sherwin, B.L.
Mystical Theology and Social Dissent. The Life and Works of Judah Loew of Prague
BY ORDER
Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2006, pap, 256 pp, € 29.00, 9781904113508
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Shivtiel, A. & F. Niessen (eds)
Arabic and Judaeo-Arabic Manuscripts in the Cambridge Genizah Collections: Taylor-Schechter, New Series
Cambridge University Library Genizah, Cambridge UP, 2006, geb, 783 pp, € 242.50, 9780521840875
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Simeon, Joel Ben
The Washington Haggadah
After the Bible, the Passover haggadah is the most widely read classic text in the Jewish tradition. More than four thousand editions have been published since the late fifteenth century, but few are as exquisite as the Washington Haggadah, which resides in the Library of Congress. Now, a stunning facsimile edition meticulously reproduced in full color brings this beautiful illuminated manuscript to a new generation. Joel ben Simeon, the creator of this unusually well-preserved codex, was among the most gifted and prolific scribe-artists in the history of the Jewish book. David Stern's introduction reconstructs his professional biography and situates this masterwork within the historical development of the haggadah, tracing the different forms the text took in the Jewish centers of Europe at the dawn of modernity. Katrin Kogman-Appel shows how ben Simeon, more than just a copyist, was an active agent of cultural exchange. As he traveled between Jewish communities, he brought elements of Ashkenazi haggadah illustration to Italy and returned with stylistic devices acquired during his journeys. In addition to traditional Passover images, realistic illustrations of day-to-day life provide a rare window into the world of late fifteenth-century Europe. This edition faithfully preserves the original text, with the Hebrew facsimile appearing in the original right-to-left orientation. It will be read and treasured by anyone interested in Jewish history, medieval illuminated manuscripts, and the history of the haggadah.
Harvard UP, 2011, geb, 161 pp + facsimile, € 41.00, 9780674051171
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Sirat, C.
Hebrew Manuscripts of the Middle Ages
Cambridge UP, 2002, geb, 349 pp, € 116.25, 0521770793
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Stern, G.
Philosophy and Rabbinic Culture. Jewish Interpretation and controversy in medieval Languedoc
By Order
Routledge Jewish Studies Series, Routledge, 2009, geb, 273 pp, € 89.00, 9780415774420
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Stern, Josef
The Matter and Form of Maimonides' Guide
Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed has traditionally been read as an attempt to harmonize reason and revelation. Another, more recent interpretation takes the contradiction between philosophy and religion to be irreconcilable, and concludes that the Guide prescribes religion for the masses and philosophy for the elite. Moving beyond these familiar debates, Josef Stern argues that the perplexity addressed in this famously enigmatic work is not the conflict between Athens and Jerusalem but the tension between human matter and form, between the body and the intellect. Maimonides' philosophical tradition takes the perfect life to be intellectual: pure, undivided contemplation of all possible truths, from physics and cosmology to metaphysics and God. According to the Guide, this ideal cannot be realized by humans. Their embodied minds cannot achieve scientific knowledge of metaphysics, and their bodily impulses interfere with exclusive contemplation. Closely analyzing the arguments in the Guide and its original use of the parable as a medium of philosophical writing, Stern articulates Maimonides' skepticism about human knowledge of metaphysics and his heterodox interpretations of scriptural and rabbinic parables. Stern shows how, in order to accommodate the conflicting demands of the intellect and the body, Maimonides creates a repertoire of spiritual exercises, reconceiving the Mosaic commandments as training for the life of the embodied mind. By focusing on the philosophical notions of matter and form, and the interplay between its literary form and subject matter, Stern succeeds in developing a unified, novel interpretation of the Guide.
Harvard University Press, 2013, geb, 431 pp, € 47.95, 9780674051607
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Stow, K.
Jewish Dogs. An Image and Its Interpreters
by order/op bestelling
Stanford Studies in Jewish History and Culture, Stanford UP, 2006, geb, 316 pp, € 64.90, 0804752818 / 9780804752817
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Strickman, H.N.
Without Red Strings or Holy Water: Maimonides' Mishneh Torah
Judaism and Jewish Life Series, Academic Studies Press, 2011, geb, 177 pp, € 52.50, 9781936235483
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Stroumsa, S.
Maimonides in his World: Portrait of a Mediterranean Thinker
While the great medieval philosopher, theologian, and physician Maimonides is acknowledged as a leading Jewish thinker, his intellectual contacts with his surrounding world are often described as related primarily to Islamic philosophy. Maimonides in His World challenges this view by revealing him to have wholeheartedly lived, breathed, and espoused the rich Mediterranean culture of his time.

Sarah Stroumsa argues that Maimonides is most accurately viewed as a Mediterranean thinker who consistently interpreted his own Jewish tradition in contemporary multicultural terms. Maimonides spent his entire life in the Mediterranean region, and the religious and philosophical traditions that fed his thought were those of the wider world in which he lived. Stroumsa demonstrates that he was deeply influenced not only by Islamic philosophy but by Islamic culture as a whole, evidence of which she finds in his philosophy as well as his correspondence and legal and scientific writings.

She begins with a concise biography of Maimonides, then carefully examines key aspects of his thought, including his approach to religion and the complex world of theology and religious ideas he encountered among Jews, Christians, Muslims, and even heretics; his views about science; the immense and unacknowledged impact of the Almohads on his thought; and, his vision of human perfection. This insightful cultural biography restores Maimonides to his rightful place among medieval philosophers and affirms his central relevance to the study of medieval Islam.

Click here for the complete series.

Jews, Christians and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2009, geb, 222 pp, € 48.50, 9780691137636
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Stroumsa, S.
Maimonides in His World. Portrait of a Mediterranean Thinker
While the great medieval philosopher, theologian, and physician Maimonides is acknowledged as a leading Jewish thinker, his intellectual contacts with his surrounding world are often described as related primarily to Islamic philosophy. Maimonides in His World challenges this view by revealing him to have wholeheartedly lived, breathed, and espoused the rich Mediterranean culture of his time.

Sarah Stroumsa argues that Maimonides is most accurately viewed as a Mediterranean thinker who consistently interpreted his own Jewish tradition in contemporary multicultural terms. Maimonides spent his entire life in the Mediterranean region, and the religious and philosophical traditions that fed his thought were those of the wider world in which he lived. Stroumsa demonstrates that he was deeply influenced not only by Islamic philosophy but by Islamic culture as a whole, evidence of which she finds in his philosophy as well as his correspondence and legal and scientific writings.

She begins with a concise biography of Maimonides, then carefully examines key aspects of his thought, including his approach to religion and the complex world of theology and religious ideas he encountered among Jews, Christians, Muslims, and even heretics; his views about science; the immense and unacknowledged impact of the Almohads on his thought; and, his vision of human perfection. This insightful cultural biography restores Maimonides to his rightful place among medieval philosophers and affirms his central relevance to the study of medieval Islam.

Click here for the complete series.

Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series, Princeton UP, 2011, pap, 222 pp, € 24.95, 9780691152523
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Tamer, G.
The Trias of Maimonides: Jewish, Arabic and Ancient Culture of Knowledge/ Die Trias des Maimonides: Jüdische, arabische und antike Wissenskultur
Studia Judaica: Forschungen zur Wissenschaft des Judentums, Walter de Gruyter, 2005, geb, 455 pp, € 138.50, 3110183994
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